(a) Uniform circular motion is a moving point (x(t), y(t)). The coordinates of the point varies with time according to the functions
x(t) = R cos(kt+d), y(t) = R sin(kt+d).
where R, k, and d are parameters and t is time.
(b) In polar coordinates we use the inverse transform of
x = r cos q, y = sin q
r(t) = R, q(t) = kt + d where r(t) is radial length and q(t) is angle.
(c) We transform the values to polar coordinates to get
t x y q r 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.71 0.7 0.7783 0.997 2.0 0 1.0 1.5708 1.01using the formula q = arctan(y/x) and r = sqrt(x^2+y^2). We fit into the result of (b). For r(t), it is a constant, we use the average R = (1.0+0.997+1.01)/3 = 1.002. For q(t), t versus q is a straight line fit (with three data points), q(t) = kt + d, which we use normal equation method (equivalent to least square), thus (Matlab notation)
A = [ 0.0 1; Q = [0.0; 1.0 1; 0.7783; 2.0 1] 1.5708]such that A*[k; d] = Q. The solution is A^T A [k; d] = A^T Q. This gives k = 0.7854 and d = -0.002366, therefore the fitting results for q(t) is
q(t) = 0.7854 t -0.002366.
The result looks similar to tutorial 2.6, except that the bifurcation diagram is given by epsilon = -5x^4 (instead of quadratic).
The dimensions of the relevant quantities are
force, [F] = MLT^(-2)
radius, [r] = L
mass, [m] = M
velocity, [v] = L/T
By balancing the dimensions, [F] = M LT^(-2) = M^x v^y r^z = M^x L^y T^(-y) L^z we obtain the equations
1 = x, 1 = y + z, -2 = -y.
So the solution is x = 1, y = 2, z = -1. And
F = const m v^2/r.
Two of the highest are 100 (full marks), and third is 97, followed by 81 and 80. The lowest is 20, and 2nd lowest is 25, and up by 30. The rest are in 70s, 60s, 50s, and 40s.